The small Ajax mine, located in south central Nevada in the Royston area, is one of the relatively new turquoise mines. The mine yields stones from light blue with darker blue veins to a predominant dark green with light blue areas. This latter coloration is considered quite unusual for turquoise.
Boulder Turquoise (Royston Ribbon)
Boulder Turquoise is sometimes called Ribbon Turquoise. Boulder Turquoise is found in the original Royston Mines, near Tonapah, Nevada. Boulder Turquoise is comprised of the stone surrounding thin ribbons of Turquoise. Most of the stone that surrounds Turquoise is too brittle to cut and polish. It is unusual to find this dense hard stone. It has such great coloring on it’s own with shades of Teal running through rich brown boulders.
Carico Lake Turquoise
Carico Lake turquoise is named after the location of its mines on a dried up lake bed in a high, cool area of Lander County, Nevada. Its clear, iridescent, spring green color is due to its zinc content and is highly unique and collectible. Carico Lake turquoise is also found in a dark blue-green color with a black or brown, spider web matrix. The Mine has been open for sometime now. A fair amount of this turquoise has been recovered. The less common lime green turquoise which is suspect to actually be predominately faustite, is very valuable due to it scarcity and demand. It is hard material. This mine is also known to produce rare psuedomorph clams that are filled with turquoise.
Dry Creek Turquoise comes from the Godber/Burnham mine outside of Battle Mountain Nevada. This mine was previously known for its sky blue to medium blue webbed turquoise. The Godber/Burnham mine has a long history of producing wonderful turquoise and has gone through several mine owners and name changes. This mine originally had the mine names of "Homesite", "Last Chance", and many other names. It is most famously called the Godber/Burnham Turquoise mine. When Sacred Buffalo turquoise was first discovered in the Dry Creek Mine on the Shoshone Indian Reservation near Battle Mountain, Nevada in 1993, the miners, Bruce and Jeri Woods, weren't actually sure what it was. This Turquoise was harder than they expected. After it was assayed, their suspicions were confirmed: it was, in fact, Turquoise. It took a while to get the now famous Sacred Buffalo Turquoise or Dry Creek turquoise made into jewelry as the traditional jewelers did not favor its pale color. Sacred Buffalo turquoise is not treated or color enhanced and is revered for its light whitish - blue Turquoise color. Most Turquoise this light of a blue is chaulk and is too soft to cut. That is one of the main reasons that Dry Creek Turquoise is soo valuable. It seems these days that wilder the color of Turquoise the more popular it is. Turquoise gets its color from the heavy metals in the ground where it forms. The Blue Turquoise forms when there is a higher concentration of copper than Aluminum present, which is the case with most Arizona turquoises. Green turquoise forms where there is a higher concentration of Aluminum and in some cases Iron present, this is the case with most Nevada Turquoise. Sacred Buffalo turquoise forms where there are few heavy metals present, which is a rare occurance and the reason for the light whitish blue color. To date, no other vein of this turquoise has been discovered anywhere else and when this current vein runs out, that will be the last of it. Because this tuquoise is as rare as the sacred buffalo, the Indians call it "Sacred Buffalo" Turquoise. The Shoshone Indians are not known for jewelry work and, as a consequence, the Shoshones sell or trade the Sacred Buffalo or Dry Creek Turquoise to the Navajos, and Anglo Jewelers in Arizona, Colorado and New Mexico, who then work it into jewelry. Turquoise is the rare and improbable product of an incalculable number of chemical and physical processes that must take place in the right combination and proper environment over a time span of hundreds of thousands if not millions of years.
Fox is one of Nevada’s most productive turquoise mines. In the 1940’s, Dowell Ward purchased the old Cortez claims and developed them using the names Fox, White Horse, Green Tree and Smith to differentiate among the colors produced in the area and to create a larger perceived share of the turquoise market. The area produces a huge amount of good quality blue, green or blue-green stone with a distinctive matrix. Most of This turquoise that we have cut has been a light to medium blue with a dark color of green of blue spiderweb.
The Kingman mine in northwestern Arizona was one of the largest turquoise mines in North America. The terms "Kingman" or "high blue" refer to the blue color usually displayed in this stone. It has become a color standard in the industry. The mine became famous for its rounded, bright blue nuggets with black matrix. Few turquoise mines produced nuggets, especially of this quality. Old natural Kingman Turquoise is rare. The Colbaugh's own this mine and the Turquoise Mountain mine, their company name is Colbough Processing. They have recently gone back into the section of the Kingman mine and are digging and bringing our some new Natural Kingman Turquoise.
Lander Blue Turquoise
Rita J. Hapgold, a blackjack dealer at the Nevada Club at Battle Mountain, discovered this turquoise deposit in 1973 while picnicking at Indian Creek. She collected some nuggets in a can and later claimed the site as the Mary Louise Lode Mining Claim. Later that year she sold her claim to Marvin Syme and Henry Dorian, who formed the Lander Blue Turquoise Corporation. Lander Blue was a "hat mine" so called because you could cover it with a hat, only 98 pounds of turquoise was ever recovered from it. Today This rarest of all Southwestern turquoise classics is also of the highest grade and thus, pound for pound, the most valuable turquoise in the world.
Number 8 Turquoise
Number 8 Turquoise has character in its appearance and can easily be identified. Few gemstones have such variety in appearance as to have individual character and personality as the Number 8 Turquoise. With its golden brown to black distinctive spider web matrix and unique bright powder blue green background. It has been valued for its beauty and reputed spiritual and life giving qualities. The Number 8 Turquoise mine in Eureka County north of Carlin Nevada was discovered in 1925 and first mined in 1929. The mine was closed as a result of the discovery of gold in 1976 when the Newton Gold Company claimed the area. In its prime, the Number 8 mine produced some of the largest nuggets of turquoise ever found. In 1954 the largest nugget was excavated, measuring 31 inches long, 17 inches wide and 7 inches thick. Cleaned and polished it weighed 150 pounds. Since 1976 there has been no Number 8 Turquoise mined. There is however, an existing stock pile that Mr. Dowell Ward (last owner of the mine) had stocked away for later sorting. The turquoise is a collector’s item — because once the reserve is gone there will be no more material released onto the market. The Gold Mining Company owns the claims to the Number 8 mine and it has been swallowed up by the gold mining operations. This is some of the last Number 8 Turquoise to be has and will be a great addition to your collection.
The Pilot Mountain mine is located in northern Nevada. It is still producing and is worked by the Ottesons and owned by Nevada Turquoise Company. The stone is highly admired for its deep blue-green colors. In addition, it can show light blue to dark green colors on the same stone. This graduation in color is unusual and makes the turquoise very collectible. The matrix is black to golden brown. Pilot Mountain is a hard stone and takes a good polish. Most Pilot Mountain comes in thin veins as shown on the cab to the left, but we have recently discovered some thick vein.
Royston is a district in Nevada consisting of three turquoise mines: Bunker Hill, Oscar Wehrend, and the main producer, Royal Blue. Royston is known for its beautiful colors ranging from deep green to rich, light blues set off by a heavy brown matrix. The Royston district is still producing some turquoise of high quality. It ranges from a 5-6 in hardness for the high grade. This is one the best selling stones for our line of jewelry. This Turquoise is being mine by the Ottesons.
Sleeping Beauty Turquoise
The Sleeping Beauty mine is located near Globe, Arizona. Its turquoise is noted for its solid, light blue color with no matrix. Sleeping Beauty turquoise is the favorite of the Zuni Pueblo silversmiths for use in petit point, needlepoint, and inlay jewelry. This mine is one of the largest in North America and is still operating.
Sunnyside Turquoise, Nevada
The Sunnyside mine is located near the town of Tuscarora in the northeast part of Nevada. The mine is no longer in operation as it has become part of a gold mining operation and a privately owned ranch. The Sunnyside mine was mined mostly in the 70’s and you won’t find much of this turquoise around anymore except for old stashes. A considerably quantity of Sunnyside Turquoise was shipped from the property for several years in the 1970’s to Arizona and New Mexico, where it has become part of the well known turquoise and silver jewelry collection sold by the Indian tribes in these areas. A spider web matrix of colors ranging from golden brown to black set off the unique color of the stone. Part of the turquoise is fairly dark blue and very hard. A little greenish blue color is also found in the dark jasperoid. Beautiful green and blue/green colors are also found. The turquoise from this mine presents some peculiar features, the material has good color and extreme hardness, great matrix markings in the spider web patterns and wafers. The turquoise from this mine is equal to that produced in any mine for color and hardness in the best grades. The veins can run up to 1 inch thick.
Turquoise Mountain and “Birdseye”
Turquoise Mountain and "Birdseye" turquoise come from the same mine in northwestern Arizona near the Kingman mine. The mine was closed in the 1980s. It is light to high blue, with both webbed and non-webbed matrix. "Birdseye" describes stones from this mine that show areas of light blue circled with dark blue matrix, resembling the eye of a bird. It is a beautiful addition to one's collection.
White Buffalo Turquoise
Gorgeous White Buffalo is mined in Tonopah, Nevada and is very rare and unique. White Buffalo is known for its unique color and glossy shine. Color varies from pure white to marbled gray or light brown. According to geologist this is the only known deposit of this mix of minerals in the world. It comes out of the same location as the Black Hills Turquoise which is the most sought turquoise with its beautiful blue color and black spider web matrix. Sometimes called White Buffalo Turquoise or White Turquoise because of its characteristics of Turquoise comes from a unique formation of veins running white in color, hence the name White Buffalo, found near Tonopah, Nevada by famous Nevada prospector Lynn Otteson.
There are other Turquoise mines. The ones listed above are some of the type of Turquoise we have.